Spiral current pattern

MHD propulsion has been extensively studied since the fifties. To shift from propulsion to an MHD Aerodyne, one only needs to accelerate the air  externally,

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Velikhov instability

A bi-temperature plasma under a strong Hall effect (over the critical value) is subjected to the Velikhov instability occurrence. In a paper published and submitted

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Controlled wall ionization

Several tests have been performed on High Frequency Ionization. Obviously our researches have evolved since, but here are some pictures of our very first experiences.

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Wall confinement

The electric conductivity can be then expressed thanks to a matrix. It can also be said that there are in fact two conductivities: one parallel,

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